Did Romans wear skirts?
Rome is very hot in the summer. They wanted to ventilate their body as much as possible. They weren’t actual skirts, they just wore long shirts that draped over the thighs.
Pants as we know they today were worn by mounted barbarian tribes like the Thracians, Phrygians, Scythians.
The Ancient Greeks and Romans never wore pants and equated the wearing of pants with savagery. Pants were originally associated with the Persians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Eastern and Central Asian peoples. Wearing pants was a sign of barbarism and Greeks, Romans even found them ridiculous. So they wore tunics, pull over woven tops. Working class or slaves wore shorter tunics with short or no sleeves. Upperclasses wore ankle length and long sleeved tunics. The Parthians, an upper class, certainly wore pants.
As the Roman Legions operated in Europe north of the Alps they made concessions to wearing knee breeches. They also added a hood or a caracalla. This fashion stuck until the 1240s.
In the past, horse riders wore pants. Pants was invented by horse riders. Skirts, dresses and robes were the dress for Civilizational builders. However, there were Civilizations that adopted the pants because most of their armies were composed of horsemen.
The reason is pretty simple: it’s simple to make and you didn’t need an extra article of clothing. The appearance of what looked like upside-down garments worn by Celts would probably draw sneers among the Greeks.
But, of course, when we think of Roman fashion, we think of togas. Togas were worn by men. And they were not just a rectangular piece of fabric like the himation – they were structured. The Republican toga (which is what the patricians would wear) would be 3.0-4.5m long and 1.82m feet wide. However, Caesar the Emperor and his male family members would wear a toga that was longer, wider, had more fabric, and was just more spectacular.
How do you put a toga on? First, you wore a tunic. And then, you wrapped a toga around your body – actually, you usually needed a slave to help you get into one, to wrap it around. The toga goes over one shoulder, then it is wrapped around and pulled around the waist, and then the flap that you're working with folds over your arm.